|VARSHAM : VIKARI||THITHI : NAVAMI|
|AYANAM : DAKSHINAYANAM||VARAM : STHIRA|
|RITHU : VARSHA||NAKSHATRAM : ROHINI|
|MAASAM : SIMHA (AVANI)||YOGAM : VYAGATHA|
|PAKSHAM : KRISHNA||KARANAM : TAITILA|
Panchanga consists of the five attributes of the day. It is considered very auspicious to start our day by reading out the five elements of the Panchanga on a daily basis.
Tithi : Ending Moment (EM) of elongation of the Moon, the lunar day, the angular relationship between Sun and Moon ( Apparent Moon minus Apparent Sun). One Tithi equals 12 degree difference between Moon and Sun.PRATHAMA
Vara : weekday the seven weekdays. Monier gives 'solar day' instead of Rasi as the fifth limb. Some people enumerate Var (days of the week) instead. Var or solar days do not involve intricate computations, unlike EM of Radi. However, in the Hindu system the five elements only constitute the five limbs of the Panchanga.RAVI (BANU)
Nakshatra : EM of asterism of the day, that is, the stellar mansion in which Moon is located for an observer at the center of the Earth. One Nakshatra equals 13 degrees : 20 minutes. There are 27 Nakshatra in 360 degrees.ASHWINI
Yoga : EM of the angular relationship between Sun and Moon( Apparent Moon plus Apparent Sun). One Yoga equals 13 degrees:20 minutes. There are 27 Yogas in 360 degrees.ATIGANDA
Karana : EM of half of a Tithi. One Karana equals 6 degree difference between Moon and Sun.BAVA
Disclaimer : The above information is provided based on the data from Pambu Panchangam. Any error or omission are not intentional.